The Kumeyaay

History of the Kumeyaay Indians

The Kumeyaay and their ancestors  have lived on the Baja-California border at least 10,000 years in accordance with a recent excavation near Jacumba. Their descendants are probably the Yuman speaking Tipai. The striking red, black and white pictographs were painted in caves and on rocks along the southern California border, up the Gila River and along the Colorado River, ranging from the lower Grand Canyon to the Sea of Cortez. This tradition of ancient art is called La Rumorosa, after a site in northeastern Baja, Mexico.

The Kumeyaay Indians Today

There are twelve surviving North American Kumeyaay bands in the United States that are recognized by the federal government as sovereign tribal governments. Four Kumeyaay tribal communities survive south of the border in Baja California, Mexico.

Some of the more successful tribal ventures are the San Diego County Kumeyaay Indian casinos, resorts, hotels, restaurants, entertainment, and golf courses.

Movie of Rock Art at Echo Rock in the In Ko Pah Mountains

This movie shows some of the rock art at Echo Rock in the In Ko Pah Mountains. This very isolated rock shelter is unique in all of the Southwest. Nowhere else are there two orange beings and lots of accompanying rock art pertaining to the heavens and cosmology of the Kumeyaay Native Americans. When we go to one of the more than 200 La Rumorosa rock art sites, this is what we see and this remarkable short film will let you experience perhaps the finest rock art in the San Diego region. If you want more, please purchase one of our books. Your support goes directly to Kumeyaay education.

Don Liponi

In the deepest part of Wikwip also known as Echo Rock looking out into the ordinary world.  In this darkened chamber is where the shaman artist sat painting his vision in a metaphoric painting. These symbols may have preceded the European invasion of Kumeyaay land and the genocide that followed. Here, in a vision of the spiritual world, a holy person sought guidance and wisdom, then to honor the experience painted what we see here.

Don Liponi

Basketry of the Mission Indians

A photo from 1924 by Edward S. Curtis from The North American Indian (1907-1930) v.15, Southern California Shoshoneans. The Dieguenos Plateau Shoshoneans. The Washo ([Seattle] : E.S. Curtis ; [Cambridge, Mass. : The University Press], 1926), plate no. 509


Kumeyaay Bands of the United States

  • Campo Band of the Kumeyaay Nation
  • Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians
  • Barona Band of Mission Indians
  • San Pasqual Band of Indians
  • Inaja Cosmit Indian Reservation
  • Capitan Grande Indian Reservation
  • Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueño Indians, aka Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel
  • Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians aka Cuyapaipe
  • Manzanita Indian Reservation
  • La Posta Indian Reservation
  • Jamul Indian Village A Kumeyaay Nation
  • Mesa Grande Indian Reservation
  • Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

The Baja California, Mexico, Kumiai Bands

  • San Jose de la Zorra
  • La Huerta
  • Juntas de Neji
  • San Antonio Necua
  • Santa Catarina (Kumeyaay-Pai Pai)

Campo reservation is only a few miles from the Mexican boundary.

A photo from 1924 by Edward S. Curtis from The North American Indian (1907-1930) v.15, Southern California Shoshoneans. The Dieguenos Plateau Shoshoneans. The Washo ([Seattle] : E.S. Curtis ; [Cambridge, Mass. : The University Press], 1926), plate no. 525

For a DStretch tutorial please go to Daren Sefcik and add a dot com to his name . Free but please thank him. He was my coauthor in these books. ...
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3 weeks ago

La Rumorosa Rock Art
Here you are in Carrizo Gorge in Anza-Borrego. David Zielinski took this short video at a spiritual shaman site of the Kumeyaay Indians. The pictographs are compatible with Trance or ASC imagery. The canyon used to have much more water that supported several villages. The shaman would go into Trance to gain spiritual wisdom. Do you not believe they could do that? One fact of many to counter your viewpoint. The Kumeyaay lived here successfully for more than 10,000 years in harmony with nature by the wisdom of the shaman. We, even with all our clever technology have destroyed everything they tended to in 500 years. And we murdered about 110 million of our Native Americans. Hitler murdered 6 million Jews. We Americans did that. No one should ever ever call these gifted people savages because that title clearly belong to us and our out of control greed and bloodlust for all non-white humanity and to misuse nature as a bank account. We whites are the weakest and most afraid people in the world as a group. In my white tiny brain I believe that we have no spirituality. You are entitled to disagree, but we Americans are guilty by far of the worst genocide in the history of mankind, not even counting the 20 additional million from West Africa during slavery. I could add much more but I have to vomit. The looks at us with disgust and how in our delusional minds do we convince ourselves that we are the greatest country on earth? No improvement is possible until we get honest. When do we start? ...
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